A compiler is a program that converts the source code. Source code is written in a programming language to an executable level that the computer can understand. A computer cannot understand the instructions we write. It only understands its own machine code.
So, when you want your computer to execute some program, you need to first convert it into the machine code by running through a compiler. Different compilers may generate code for different processors, operating systems, or languages.
Python is an interpreted programming language and has various execution environments. It has a variety of compilers to execute the Python programs. For example, PyCharm, PyDev, Spyder, Atom, Visual Studio Code, Jupyter Notebook, etc.
Python Compilation Process
In Python, we write the source code in an editor with a visual representation of the various objects. This is to help programmers understand what they are creating. then you have to save the Python code in a file with the extension “.py”. This file goes through the Python compiler that changes it into a machine-readable form, called an “object file”.
Programiz is the best online code compiler that helps programmers write and compile their codes online — no downloads needed! Programmers can use it to learn Python in a fun and interactive way by solving puzzles, writing code, and getting immediate feedback with real-time error checking. It also compiles other languages like C++ and Java, so more people can use it to learn to program. So, rush over to Programiz to start coding!
PyDev is a powerful development tool, especially for Python developers. When it comes to writing code, PyDev can extract comments to generate boilerplate code in a few clicks. It even supports variable analysis and unit testing.
In addition to writing Python code, PyDev also provides an integrated debugger that allows users to debug Python code with ease. The debugging process is also streamlined so users can easily follow along and identify issues.
PyCharm is an IDE that offers the speed and accuracy of a local one, but with all of the features of an online compiler. With PyCharm, you have access to a wide range of plugins. Plus, as a compiler, it offers you multiple advantages over an online compiler — including compiling code for offline use and in real-time.
PyCharm has everything you need to develop complex Python applications with ease.
Sublime Text is the fastest text editor available today. It was developed in C++ with a custom UI toolkit, optimized for speed and performance. It has several plugins to support code linting, autocompletion, and advanced find & replace operations. Sublime Text comes with the “Goto Anything” feature. You can select multiple lines or words. You can customize your preferences as per the project-specific needs.
Thonny is a free and open-source IDE for Python users. It was developed by a team of software developers with the main focus on meeting the needs of beginners. The default version supports the Python 3 version; it has a simple, easy-to-use interface, and it comes with many additional features that make it an indispensable tool for programmers. It consists of windows for all function calls, which makes navigation really convenient.
As an open-source, Visual Studio Code is available across multiple platforms and operating systems. Create code with ease even with minimal distractions. Update your programs without leaving the IDE. Debugging code has never been easier than when you use advanced debugging tools. The built-in Integrated Terminal allows you to execute commands and scripts as well as test them without having to leave your development environment.
Jupyter Notebook is a special IDE that is mostly used for data science environments. It follows the server-client structure and is free and open-source. Due to this Application, you can convert the notebooks into other formats. For example, HTML, PDF, etc. Jupyter Notebook was first developed by Fernando Pérez in 2011, and eventually, Brian Granger took over and developed it more.
Vim is the perfect text editor for programmers for the work. It’s free and open-source, and You can use it on all operating systems. Unlike traditional editors and word processors, Vim emphasizes speed and efficiency. Users can edit multiple files at the same time, and you can even open several windows at once to cut down on clutter.
Atom is the free, and open-source IDE that can be used to write code in many different programming languages. It includes a built-in package manager, control panel, and package repository where you can find thousands of add-ons to extend its features. Atom is popular with developers because it supports both Python and Ruby through packages, as well as other languages.
Spyder is a tool that helps you to develop your Python code and run it in real-time. It is useful for building great apps much faster. This tool allows coding easier by taking away the pain of typing every command at the prompt. It supports many features like interactive tools for inspection, IPython consoles, can build code step-by-step, has a debugger, and more.